List of Cape Canaveral and Merritt Island launch sites
This article includes a list of general references, but it remains largely unverified because it lacks sufficient corresponding inline citations. (December 2010) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Kennedy Space Center
Kennedy Space Center, operated by NASA, has two launch complexes on Merritt Island comprising four pads—two active, one under lease, and one inactive. From 1968–1975, it was the site of 13 Saturn V launches, three crewed Skylab flights and the Apollo-Soyuz; all Space Shuttle flights from 1981 to 2011, and one Ares 1-X flight in 2009. Since 2017, SpaceX use Launch Complex 39A to launch their launch vehicles.
|Launch Complex 39A||Active
Owned by NASA,
Leased to SpaceX
|Current: Falcon Heavy, Falcon 9 Block 5|
Prior: Saturn V, Space Shuttle
|Launch Complex 39B||Active
Owned by NASA
|Prior: Saturn V, Saturn IB (Skylab and Apollo-Soyuz), Space Shuttle|
Future: Space Launch System
|Launch Complex 39C||Inactive
Owned by NASA
|Launch Complex 48||Inactive
Owned by NASA
Cape Canaveral Space Force Station (CCSFS), operated by the 45th Space Wing of the U.S. Space Force, was the site of all U.S. crewed launches before Apollo 8, as well as many other early Department of Defense (DoD) and NASA launches. For the DoD, it plays a secondary role to Vandenberg AFB in California, but is the launch site for many NASA uncrewed space probes, as those spacecraft are typically launched on United States Space Force launchers. Much of the support activity for CCSFS occurs at Patrick Space Force Base to the south, its reporting base.
Active launch vehicles are in bold.
|Launch Complex 13
(Landing Zone 1 and 2)
|Active - Leased to SpaceX||Current: Falcon 9 and Falcon Heavy first stage landing site |
Prior: Atlas, Atlas Agena
|Space Launch Complex 37B||Active - Used by United Launch Alliance||Current: Delta IV Heavy |
Prior: Saturn I, Saturn IB, Delta IV Medium
|Space Launch Complex 40||Active - Leased to SpaceX||Current: Falcon 9 Block 5 |
Prior: Titan III, Titan IV, Falcon 9 v1.0, Falcon 9 1.1
|Space Launch Complex 41||Active - Used by United Launch Alliance||Current: Atlas V |
Prior: Titan III, Titan IV
|Launch Complex 47||Active (has been unused for some time)||Current: Rocketsonde Sounding Rocket and Super Loki|
As of 2008[update], Air Force Space Command committed to lease Cape Canaveral Space Launch Complex 36 to Space Florida for future use by the Athena III launch system. It is not known if the plan was subsequently implemented.[needs update] Blue Origin leased Complex 36 in 2015, with plans to launch its reusable orbital vehicle from there by 2020.
|Space Launch Complex 36A||Undergoing renovation - Leased to Blue Origin||Previous: Atlas/Centaur,)Atlas II|
Future: New Glenn
|Space Launch Complex 36B||Undergoing renovation - Leased to Blue Origin||Previous: Atlas, Atlas II, Atlas III|
Future: New Glenn
|Space Launch Complex 46||Active||Previous: Athena, Trident II,|
Future: Minotaur IV,
|Atlantic Missile Range drop zone||Inactive||High Virgo, Bold Orion, Hound Dog, Skybolt|
|Grand Turk Auxiliary AFB, Grand Turk Island drop zone||Inactive||Arcas (All-Purpose Rocket for Collecting Atmospheric Soundings)|
|Mobile Launch Area||Inactive||Lark, Matador, Snark|
|Eastern SLBM Launch Area||Active||Polaris, Poseidon, Trident|
|Shuttle Landing Facility||Active||Pegasus, X-37B|
|Cape Canaveral Space Force Station Skid Strip||Active||Navaho, Pegasus, Pegasus XL|
- Bergeron, Julia (13 July 2018). "The most recent version of the CCAFS map (Nov 2017) has made it into our history center for reference. It exciting to see the Commercial Partner landmarks mixed in with space history.pic.twitter.com/ChVhnEl1AY". Twitter.
- Gruss, Mike. "SpaceX Leases Florida Launch Pad for Falcon Landings". Spacenews. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
- "Launch Complex 29". Air Force Space and Missile Museum. Archived from the original on 7 April 2012. Retrieved 15 December 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Craig Covault (27 October 2008). "Boeing Joins Commercial Athena III Program". Retrieved 23 December 2010.
- "Coming to the Space Coast". Blue Origin. 15 September 2015. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 28 June 2016.
- Messier, Doug (11 February 2014). "ATK to Upgrade Space Florida's Launch Complex 46". Parabolic Arc. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- Wall, Mike (26 August 2017). "Converted Missile Launches Military Satellite to Track Spacecraft and Debris". Space.com. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
- "Complex 46". robsv.com. Retrieved 7 May 2016.
- "U.S. Air Force's ORS-5 Satellite To Launch on Minotaur 4".
- "HISTORIC AMERICAN ENGINEERING RECORD, CAPE CANAVERAL AIR FORCE STATION, LAUNCH COMPLEX 34 OPERATIONS SUPPORT BUILDING" (PDF). National Aeronautic and Space Administration. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 December 2016. Retrieved 28 September 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)