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"A.D. 923. This year went King Edward with an army, late in the harvest, to Thelwall; and ordered the borough to be repaired, and inhabited, and manned. And he ordered another army also from the population of Mercia, the while he sat there to go to Manchester in Northumbria, to repair and to man it. This year died Archbishop Plegmund; and King Reynold won York."—Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
An inscription on the Pickering Arms records that "In the year 920 King Edward the Elder founded a city here and called it Thelwall". According to Sir Peter Leycester it was "so called from the stakes and stumps, cut from the trees, wherewith it was environed about as a wall". It is more likely that the original meaning of Thelwall was "pool by a plank bridge" (the earliest record of the name is in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle for 923 as "Thelwæl", in 1241 it occurs as "Thelewell").
At Thelwall derive many stories of ghosts,[clarification needed] since many of the old buildings still remain in the area: sightings are reported from The Little Manor pub, and there are stories of witches at the well of the Old White House on the outskirts of Thelwall.
Thelwall nowadays borders the villages of Lymm and Grappenhall, and (across the Manchester Ship Canal) Latchford. It is also one of the two principal settlements of Grappenhall and Thelwall civil parish. According to the 2001 census, the population of the entire civil parish was 9,377.
Thelwall is perhaps best known for the Thelwall Viaduct, which carries the M6 Motorway across the Manchester Ship Canal and opened in July 1963 (a second viaduct was added in 1996). The village is between the Ship Canal and the Bridgewater Canal, and on the east–west A56 and B5157. To the east, between the village and the M6, is Statham.
As a locality within the Warrington South constituency, Thelwall is currently represented in the House of Commons by Andy Carter. Thelwall is also represented on Warrington Borough Council and by Grappenhall and Thelwall Parish Council.
Warrington Borough Council
Thelwall returns officers from the Grappenhall and Thelwall Ward to serve on the Borough Council, and is allocated three representative seats. The current[when?] Councillors representing Thelwall are:
- Councillor – Mike Biggin (Liberal Democrat)
- Councillor – Elaine Welborn (Liberal Democrat)
- Councillor – Wendy Johnson (Liberal Democrat)
Grappenhall and Thelwall Parish Council
The following is a list of those members representing Thelwall Ward on the Parish Council, including the current[when?] Chairperson of the Council who is a serving representative of the Thelwall Ward:
- Chairperson of the Parish Council – Louise K. Fernyhough (Liberal Democrat)
- Councillor – Peter J. H. Catterall (Liberal Democrat)
- Councillor – Clifford G. Taylor (Liberal Democrat)
- Councillor – Chris White (Liberal Democrat)
There are two schools in the village:
- Thelwall Community Infant School, for children aged 4–7. As of 2018, its most recent Ofsted judgement was in 2008, and was Outstanding.
- Thelwall Community Junior School, for children aged 8–11. As of 2018, its most recent Ofsted judgement was in 2015, and was Good.
The nearest secondary school is Lymm High School.
During the summer months, Thelwall hosts a Rose Queen Parade, which has been running for more than 50 years.
Notable past and present residents
- Barbara Mawer, biochemist and medical researcher, parish councillor
- Thomas de Thelwall, fourteenth-century judge and politician, who was Master of the Rolls in Ireland and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster.
- Higden, Ralph (1876). Polychronicon Ranulphi Higden monachi Cestrensis (first published 1587). Longman.
- Edward the Elder ordered a burh to be built as a defence against the Danes. "Burh" means military fort but has been mistranslated by Higden leading to Thelwall being described as a “cite" (town or city).
- The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, ca. 1130.
- Pickering Arms
- Coward, T. A. (1903) Picturesque Cheshire. London: Sherratt & Hughes; p. 30
- Ekwall, E. (1940) The Concise Dictionary of English Place-names; 2nd ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press; p. 443
- Chaigeley School Archived 7 February 2013 at the Wayback Machine
- Monument No. 73074. Archived 27 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine National Heritage website.
- The Meeting Place North
- Thelwall: Smallest City in England
- Figures from 2001 census for entire civil parish
- The second Thelwall Viaduct in 1996
- Grappenhall and Thewall Parish Council. Archived 20 February 2005 at the Wayback Machine
- "Thelwall Community Infant School". Ofsted. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
- "Thelwall Community JuniorSchool". Ofsted. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
- All Saints' Church, Thelwall
- Thelwall Rangers A.F.C.
- Thelwall Morris Men.
- Bridgewater Players