Eurovision Song Contest 1978

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Eurovision Song Contest 1978
ESC 1978 logo.png
Dates
Final22 April 1978
Host
VenuePalais des Congrès
Paris, France
Presenter(s)
Musical directorFrançois Rauber
Directed byBernard Lion
Executive supervisorFrank Naef
Host broadcasterTélévision Française 1 (TF1)
Interval act
Websiteeurovision.tv/event/paris-1978 Edit this at Wikidata
Participants
Number of entries20
Debuting countriesNone
Returning countries
Non-returning countriesNone
  • Belgium in the Eurovision Song Contest 1978Italy in the Eurovision Song Contest 1978Netherlands in the Eurovision Song Contest 1978Switzerland in the Eurovision Song Contest 1978Germany in the Eurovision Song Contest 1978United Kingdom in the Eurovision Song Contest 1978Monaco in the Eurovision Song Contest 1978Luxembourg in the Eurovision Song Contest 1978Spain in the Eurovision Song Contest 1978Ireland in the Eurovision Song Contest 1978Denmark in the Eurovision Song Contest 1978Finland in the Eurovision Song Contest 1978Norway in the Eurovision Song Contest 1978Portugal in the Eurovision Song Contest 1978Sweden in the Eurovision Song Contest 1978Israel in the Eurovision Song Contest 1978Greece in the Eurovision Song Contest 1978Malta in the Eurovision Song ContestAustria in the Eurovision Song Contest 1978France in the Eurovision Song Contest 1978Turkey in the Eurovision Song Contest 1978Yugoslavia in the Eurovision Song ContestA coloured map of the countries of Europe
    About this image
         Participating countries     Countries that participated in the past but not in 1978
Vote
Voting systemEach country awarded 12, 10, 8-1 points to their 10 favourite songs
Nul points Norway
Winning song Israel
"A-Ba-Ni-Bi"
1977 ← Eurovision Song Contest → 1979

The Eurovision Song Contest 1978 was the 23rd edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It was held on 22 April 1978 in Paris. The contest was won by Izhar Cohen & the Alphabeta who represented Israel with the song "A-Ba-Ni-Bi". Although 'A-Ba-Ni-Bi' is the correct title, French television mistakenly captioned on screen the song title as 'Ah-Bah-Nee-Bee'. The presenters were Denise Fabre and Léon Zitrone, and this was the first time more than one presenter hosted an edition of the Contest and the first to have a male presenter since 1956. In addition, the two presenters served as commentators for France. Twenty countries participated, a record at the time.

The winning entry was a love song sung in the Hebrew equivalent of Ubbi dubbi (the title is an expansion of the Hebrew word ani אני, meaning "I"). This was Israel's first Eurovision win, which was also the first winning song to be performed in one of the Semitic languages. The win caused problems for several North African and Middle-Eastern nations that were televising the contest, even though they were not participating. According to author and political commentator John Kennedy O'Connor in his book The Eurovision Song Contest: The Official History, when Israel became the clear winners during the voting, most of the Arabic stations ended their transmission of the contest. Jordanian TV finished the show with a photo of a bunch of daffodils on screen,[1] later announcing that the Belgian entry (which finished second) was the winner. Television of the USSR for the first time showed a competition, and until 1988 only performances of several participants, each time with the exception of representatives of Israel.[2] Norway finished last for the fifth time, gaining the first nul points during the current voting system was implemented in 1975.

Location[edit]

The event took place in Paris, the capital and largest city of France, with the host venue being the Palais des congrès de Paris which is a concert venue, convention centre and shopping mall in the 17th arrondissement of Paris. The venue was built by French architect Guillaume Gillet, and was inaugurated in 1974.

Format[edit]

The postcards were filmed live, featuring the artists making their way to the stage. They took a corridor, then an elevator. Leaving the lift, they were greeted by the previous participants and then made their entrances to the stage. The camera also made several shots of the audience, notably Jane Birkin and Serge Gainsbourg.

Björn Skifs was unhappy with the rule that every country would have to perform in their native language. He planned to sing in English anyway, but changed his mind at the last moment, causing him to completely forget the lyrics. He therefore sang the first few lines in gibberish before finding the words again. Along with the 20 participating countries, the show was also broadcast live in Yugoslavia, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Jordan, East Germany, Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Dubai, Hong Kong, the Soviet Union and Japan.

Participating countries[edit]

Denmark returned to the competition after twelve years of absence, while Turkey did so after missing out two years.[3]

Conductors[edit]

Each performance had a conductor who directed the orchestra.[4][5]

Returning artists[edit]

Artist Country Previous year(s)
Jean Vallée  Belgium 1970
Norbert Niedermeyer (as part of Springtime)  Austria 1972 (as part of The Milestones)
Ireen Sheer  Germany 1974 (for  Luxembourg)
Trio La la la (backings for José Vélez)  Spain 1968, 1970, 1971, 1975 (all years as backings)

Results[edit]

Draw Country Artist Song Language[6][7] Place[8] Points
01  Ireland Colm C. T. Wilkinson "Born to Sing" English 5 86
02  Norway Jahn Teigen "Mil etter mil" Norwegian 20 0
03  Italy Ricchi e Poveri "Questo amore" Italian 12 53
04  Finland Seija Simola "Anna rakkaudelle tilaisuus" Finnish 18 2
05  Portugal Gemini "Dai li dou" Portuguese 17 5
06  France Joël Prévost "Il y aura toujours des violons" French 3 119
07  Spain José Vélez "Bailemos un vals" Spanish[a] 9 65
08  United Kingdom Co-Co "The Bad Old Days" English 11 61
09   Switzerland Carole Vinci "Vivre" French 9 65
10  Belgium Jean Vallée "L'amour ça fait chanter la vie" French 2 125
11  Netherlands Harmony "'t Is OK" Dutch 13 37
12  Turkey Nilüfer & Nazar "Sevince" Turkish 18 2
13  Germany Ireen Sheer "Feuer" German 6 84
14  Monaco Caline & Olivier Toussaint "Les jardins de Monaco" French 4 107
15  Greece Tania Tsanaklidou "Charlie Chaplin" (Τσάρλυ Τσάπλιν) Greek 8 66
16  Denmark Mabel "Boom Boom" Danish 16 13
17  Luxembourg Baccara "Parlez-vous français?" French 7 73
18  Israel Izhar Cohen and the Alphabeta "A-Ba-Ni-Bi" (א-ב-ני-בי) Hebrew 1 157
19  Austria Springtime "Mrs. Caroline Robinson" German[b] 15 14
20  Sweden Björn Skifs "Det blir alltid värre framåt natten" Swedish 14 26

Scoreboard[edit]

Voting results[9]
Total score
Ireland
Norway
Italy
Finland
Portugal
France
Spain
United Kingdom
Switzerland
Belgium
Netherlands
Turkey
Germany
Monaco
Greece
Denmark
Luxembourg
Israel
Austria
Sweden
Contestants
Ireland 86 12 3 5 7 10 10 5 10 10 6 8
Norway 0
Italy 53 10 6 1 4 8 6 1 1 1 2 8 2 3
Finland 2 2
Portugal 5 4 1
France 119 6 3 10 2 2 5 8 6 8 6 4 10 5 8 8 1 5 12 10
Spain 65 7 8 2 4 7 4 6 12 2 6 7
United Kingdom 61 3 6 2 3 2 4 2 6 8 7 3 5 2 5 3
Switzerland 65 5 1 1 7 4 2 7 8 6 2 3 8 1 10
Belgium 125 12 7 6 6 4 12 2 12 10 5 3 12 12 7 7 4 4
Netherlands 37 5 3 4 1 5 6 12 1
Turkey 2 1 1
Germany 84 1 3 12 7 10 3 5 7 8 10 7 1 3 7
Monaco 107 4 4 7 8 5 1 10 5 6 10 5 7 4 10 8 1 12
Greece 66 7 2 5 8 10 7 4 4 4 10 3 2
Denmark 13 6 1 4 2
Luxembourg 73 2 12 12 12 7 3 3 2 6 1 7 6
Israel 157 8 8 8 10 10 8 6 5 12 12 12 12 12 3 5 6 12 8
Austria 14 3 3 1 2 5
Sweden 26 5 10 4 3 4

12 points[edit]

Below is a summary of all 12 points in the final:

N. Contestant Nation(s) giving 12 points
6  Israel  Belgium,  Germany,  Luxembourg,  Netherlands,   Switzerland,  Turkey
5  Belgium  France,  Greece,  Ireland,  Monaco,  United Kingdom
3  Luxembourg  Italy,  Portugal,  Spain
1  France  Austria
 Germany  Finland
 Ireland  Norway
 Monaco  Sweden
 Netherlands  Israel
 Spain  Denmark

Broadcasters, commentators and spokespersons[edit]

Spokespersons[edit]

Listed below is the order in which votes were cast during the 1978 contest along with the spokesperson who was responsible for announcing the votes for their respective country.

  1.  IrelandJohn Skehan
  2.  NorwayEgil Teige [no][10]
  3.  ItalyMariolina Cannuli [it]
  4.  Finland – Kaarina Pönniö[11]
  5.  PortugalIsabel Wolmar [pt]
  6.  France - Marc Menant
  7.  SpainMatías Prats Luque
  8.  United KingdomColin Berry[5]
  9.   Switzerland – Michel Stocker[12]
  10.  Belgium – André Hagon
  11.  Netherlands – Dick van Bommel
  12.  Turkey – Meral Savcı
  13.  GermanySigi Harreis [de][13]
  14.  MonacoCarole Chabrier
  15.  Greece – Niki Venega
  16.  Denmark – Jens Dreyer
  17.  Luxembourg – Jacques Harvey
  18.  IsraelYitzhak Shim'oni [he][14]
  19.  AustriaJenny Pippal [de]
  20.  SwedenSven Lindahl[15]

Broadcasters and commentators[edit]

Each national broadcaster also sent a commentator to the contest, in order to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language.

Broadcasters and commentators in participating countries
Country Broadcaster(s) Commentator(s) Ref(s)
 Austria FS2 Ernst Grissemann [de] [16][17]
Hitradio Ö3 Walter Richard Langer [de]
 Belgium RTBF1 French: Claude Delacroix [16]
BRT1 Dutch: Luc Appermont [16][18]
RTB La Première French: Jacques Bauduin [fr]
BRT Radio 1 Dutch: Nand Baert [nl] and Herwig Haes
 Denmark DR TV Jørgen de Mylius [16][19]
DR P3 Kjeld Koplev [dk]
 Finland YLE TV1 Erkki Toivanen [16][20]
YLE Rinnakkaisohjelma TBC
 France TF1 Léon Zitrone and Denise Fabre [21]
France Inter René Boyer [fr] and Michel Polac [fr]
 Germany Deutsches Fernsehen Werner Veigel [16][22]
Deutschlandfunk/Bayern 2 Wolf Mittler
 Greece ERT Mako Georgiadou [el] [23]
Proto Programma Dimitris Konstantaras [el]
 Ireland RTÉ Larry Gogan [16]
RTÉ Radio Mike Murphy
 Israel Israeli Television No commentator
 Italy Rete 2 and Rai Radio 2 Tullio Grazzini
 Luxembourg RTL Télé Luxembourg Jacques Navadic [16][21]
RTL André Torrent [fr]
 Monaco Télé Monte Carlo José Sacré
 Netherlands Nederland 2 Willem Duys [24]
Hilversum 3 Jan van Veen [nl]
 Norway NRK Bjørn Scheele [25]
NRK P1 Erik Heyerdahl [no]
 Portugal RTP1 Eládio Clímaco [16][26]
RDP Programa 1 Amadeu Meireles [pt]
 Spain TVE1 Miguel de los Santos [es] [16][27]
 Sweden SR TV1 Ulf Elfving [16][15]
SR P3 Kent Finell [15]
  Switzerland TV DRS German: Theodor Haller [de] [16]
TSR French: Georges Hardy [fr] [16][28]
TSI Italian: Giovanni Bertini [16]
RSR 1 French: Robert Burnier [29]
 Turkey Ankara Television Bülend Özveren [16]
Radyo 3 Şebnem Savaşçı
 United Kingdom BBC1 Terry Wogan [16][5][30]
BBC Radio 2 Ray Moore [5]
Broadcasters and commentators in non-participating countries
Country Broadcaster(s) Commentator(s) Ref(s)
 Algeria ENTV Unknown [5]
 Czechoslovakia ČST Unknown [5]
 East Germany Deutscher Fernsehfunk Unknown [5]
 Hong Kong RTHK Unknown [5]
 Hungary RTV Unknown [5]
 Iceland Sjónvarpið Ragna Ragnars [5][31]
 Japan TBC Unknown [5]
 Jordan JRTV Unknown [5]
 Morocco TVM Unknown [5]
 Poland TVP Unknown [5]
 Soviet Union Soviet Central Television Unknown [5]
 Tunisia RTT Unknown [5]
 United Arab Emirates Dubai Radio and Colour Television Unknown [5]
 Yugoslavia TVB 2 Serbo-Croatian: Milovan Ilić [5]
TVZ 1 Serbo-Croatian: Oliver Mlakar
TVL 1 Slovene: Tomaž Terček [sl]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Contains some words in French
  2. ^ Contains some words in English

References[edit]

  1. ^ O'Connor, John Kennedy. The Eurovision Song Contest – The Official History. Carlton Books, UK. 2007 ISBN 978-1-84442-994-3
  2. ^ Телевизионная передача "Мелодии и ритмы зарубежной эстрады"
  3. ^ "Paris 1978". Eurovision.tv.
  4. ^ "And the conductor is..." Retrieved 10 August 2020.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Roxburgh, Gordon (2014). Songs for Europe: The United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest. Volume Two: The 1970s. Prestatyn: Telos Publishing. pp. 312–327. ISBN 978-1-84583-093-9.
  6. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1978". The Diggiloo Thrush. Retrieved 4 March 2012.
  7. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1978". 4Lyrics.eu. Retrieved 16 September 2020.
  8. ^ "Final of Paris 1978". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 11 April 2021. Retrieved 11 April 2021.
  9. ^ "Results of the Final of Paris 1978". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 11 April 2021. Retrieved 11 April 2021.
  10. ^ Dyrseth, Seppo (OGAE Norway)
  11. ^ "Selostajat ja taustalaulajat läpi vuosien? • Viisukuppila". Viisukuppila.fi. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  12. ^ Baumann, Peter Ramón (OGAE Switzerland)
  13. ^ Eurovision Club Germany
  14. ^ "פורום אירוויזיון". Sf.tapuz.co.il. 1999-09-13. Archived from the original on October 8, 2011. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  15. ^ a b c "Infosajten.com". Infosajten.com. Archived from the original on July 18, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "Eurovision 1978 - Cast and Crew". IMDb. Retrieved 6 August 2020.
  17. ^ [1] Archived October 24, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ Adriaens, Manu & Loeckx-Van Cauwenberge, Joken. Blijven kiken!. Lannoo, Belgium. 2003 ISBN 90-209-5274-9
  19. ^ "Forside". esconnet.dk. Archived from the original on 2012-03-24. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  20. ^ "Selostajat ja taustalaulajat läpi vuosien? • Viisukuppila". Viisukuppila.fi. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  21. ^ a b Christian Masson. "1978 – Paris". Songcontest.free.fr. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  22. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1978". Ecgermany.de. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  23. ^ "Η Μακώ Γεωργιάδου και η EUROVISION (1970–1986)". Retromaniax.gr. Archived from the original on 2012-05-30. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  24. ^ "Welkom op de site van Eurovision Artists". Eurovisionartists.nl. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  25. ^ "Hvem kommenterte før Jostein Pedersen? - Debattforum". Nrk.no. Archived from the original on November 2, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  26. ^ "Comentadores Do ESC – escportugalforum.pt.vu | o forum eurovisivo português". 21595.activeboard.com. Archived from the original on April 21, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  27. ^ "FORO FESTIVAL DE EUROVISIÓN • Ver Tema – Uribarri comentarista Eurovision 2010". Eurosongcontest.phpbb3.es. Archived from the original on 2012-03-17. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  28. ^ "Programme TV du 22 au 28 avril". Radio TV - Je vois tout. Lausanne, Switzerland: Le Radio SA. 20 April 1978.
  29. ^ "Programme radio du 22 au 28 avril". Radio TV - Je vois tout. Lausanne, Switzerland: Le Radio SA. 20 April 1978.
  30. ^ "Grand Final: 1978, 1978, Eurovision Song Contest". BBC.
  31. ^ Háskólabókasafn, Landsbókasafn Íslands -. "Timarit.is". timarit.is.

External links[edit]