Abatia

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Abatia
illustration of "Abatia angeliana"
illustration of Abatia angeliana
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Salicaceae
Subfamily: Salicoideae
Genus: Abatia
Ruiz & Pav.
Species
Synonyms
  • Raleighia Gardner
  • Aphaerema Miers

Abatia (syn. Raleighia Gardner) is a genus of about ten species of Central and South American trees in the willow family Salicaceae (following the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification). Previously it was treated in the family Flacourtiaceae, or tribe Abatieae of the family Passifloraceae (Lemke 1988) or Samydaceae by G. Bentham & J.D. Hooker and Hutchinson.

Abatia has opposite leaves with very small stipules and marginal glands at the base of the blade of the leaf. The valvate (meeting at the edges without overlapping) perianth (sepal and petal together) members are closely joined at the base. They bear many filamentous processes.

The leaves of A. rugosa and A. parviflora are source of black dye in Peru.[1]

References[edit]

  • Bernhard, A. 1999. Flower structure, development, and systematics in Passifloraceae and in Abatia (Flacourtiaceae). Int. J. Plant Sci. 160: 135–150, illus.
  • Sleumer, H.O.(1980). Flacourtiaceae.Flora Neotropica 22:55–57. [monographic revision of the genus]
  • Lemke, D. E.(1988).A synopsis of Flacourtiaceae.Aliso 12:28-43. [Tribe Abatieae transferred from Flacourtiaceae to Passifloraceae]